Audio: Inhale. Exhale. Breathe!

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In collaboration with: Eli Bay, Stress Expert
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Breathing — you do it all the time without thinking — and that’s a good thing. But you may be surprised to hear that you may not be doing it right. Here’s what you need to know — and do.

You know that breathing is essential for life. It’s how you get oxygen into your bloodstream, which then delivers this precious cargo to the rest of your body. Breathe out, and you get rid of waste gases such as carbon dioxide.

While thankfully we don’t have to think about breathing in order to do it, by fine-tuning how we breathe we may enjoy a number of health benefits.

Bad breath, good breath

As automatic as it is, many people may not be breathing very well. Tension, poor posture or ill-fitting clothing cause many of us to take very shallow breaths.

You can tell when you’re breathing shallowly because you can see or feel your ribcage moving out as you inhale. If that’s the case, then you’re breathing with the muscles in between your ribs instead of with your diaphragm, the powerful muscle at the bottom of your chest cavity that pulls air down. You may even be taking in so little air that your chest barely moves at all.

How to breathe deeply

How many times have you heard the expressions “take a deep breath” and “breathe through your diaphragm”? If you’re not really sure how to, try this exercise:

  1. Start by lying on the floor on your back. (This will make it easier to develop the proper deep breathing technique the first couple of times.)
  2. Place one hand on your upper chest and the other on your belly just above your waist.
  3. Breathe in slowly through your nose. You should feel the hand on your belly rise.
  4. Breathe out slowly through your mouth. The hand on your belly should gradually lower.
  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 a few times, then focus on allowing your ribcage to expand and widen as your belly moves out, so that you are filling up your entire lungs, from bottom to top.

Breathing easy for the better

You don’t need to breathe like this all the time. But taking a few deep breaths periodically throughout the day helps you absorb more oxygen. And more oxygen means your body can work better — and you’ll feel better both mentally and physically.

Practicing correct breathing is also a good way to simply cope with everyday life:

  • Increase your energy after a tiring day at the office
  • Be more alert even without a caffeine fix
  • Focus better when everything seems to be happening at once
  • Improve blood circulation so that your bones and muscles get more nutrients
  • Reduce your symptoms of stress, especially when you feel like your heart is racing a mile a minute
  • Relieve pain — like after stubbing your toe

Take a big deep breath

There are many ways that you can incorporate deep breathing into your routine for better overall health.

  1. Pilates uses deep breathing through the diaphragm to aid the exercises.
  2. Yoga practice often incorporates breathing techniques called pranayama (breath control), in the belief that this can help control body and mind.
  3. Meditation focuses on observing the breath.
  4. Aerobic exercise in which you become slightly out of breath can challenge and enhance your lung capacity and efficiency.
  5. Vocal training and playing a wind instrument require good breathing techniques in order to enhance the quality of the music.

With all of its benefits, and the fact that it’s easy to do once you know how, consider proper deep breathing your portable fix-it tool.


  • The Lung Association, Respiratory system, How lungs work, website
  • The Lung Association, COPD, Breathing techniques, website
  • The Lung Association, Asthma treatment: Do complementary and alternative approaches work? website
  • Roizen and Oz, You the Owner’s Manual.
  • Canadian Mental Health Association, Stress, website
  • Canadian Mental Health Association, Take control of stress, website
  • Pilates Association of Canada, website
  •, Yoga: Minimize stress, maximize flexibility and even more, website
  • Canadian Health Network, Breathing fire? Wood burning and your lungs, website

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